Ghanbari, A. Madhoushi, M., & Ashori, A

Polymers and the Environment 22 (2): 260–266

2014

In this work, the influence of four variable parameters including fiber types (poplar and rice straw), fiber contents (45, 60, and 75 wt%), fiber sizes (20–40 and 40–60 mesh), and blending methods (hot-pressing and extrusion) on the physico-mechanical properties of wood plastic composite panels were studied. Generally, the results showed that each of the above-mentioned parameters had significant effect on the nail and screw withdrawal strength (pull-out load) and density, whereas their interactions did not have highly impressive effects on the properties. All tested properties vary significantly with fiber origin. Composites filled with larger fiber size, produced panels with higher withdrawal strength and density. The effect of blending method on density was maximal. Withdrawal strength values of each sample decreased with increase in fiber loading. The lowest withdrawal strength values of nail and screw were obtained from the samples filled with rice straw. It was found that strength properties of the composites can be improved moderately by adding 45 wt% fiber, 20–40 mesh particle and poplar flour. According to the results, the blending method is a significant variable in the determination of withdrawal strength. Therefore, the blending method can be recommended based on the end product applications.