Rahmani, H., Mahmoudi Najafi, S.H., & Ashori, A

Reinforced Plastics & Composites 33 (8): 733–740

2014

The objective of this research work was to gain a better understanding of the mechanical properties of epoxy resin composites reinforced with carbon fiber. For this purpose, the effects of fiber orientations, resin types, and number of laminates on mechanical properties of laminated composites have been investigated. In the sample preparation, composites were manufactured by hand lay-up process, using a fiber-to-resin ratio of 40:60 (w:w). To investigate the effect of fiber orientation, angles of 0, 35, 45, and 90 were selected. Results show that the mechanical properties, in terms of tensile, flexural and impact strengths, were mainly dependent on the fiber orientations followed by the number of laminates. At a similar fiber orientation, the composites made with EM500 epoxy resin showed the highest mechanical properties (such as tensile and flexural and impact strengths) compared to other evaluated composites. However, the differences were not highly significant. The results indicated that the mechanical properties of composites made with five-ply were generally slightly greater than three-ply composites. It may be due to the bondline defects, which adversely influence the mechanical properties. Scanning micrographs of the composites showed that the epoxy matrix material was fully adhered to the fibers, indicating a strong interface. It can be concluded that the order of increment parameters in the mechanical properties of the composites is fiber orientation>number of laminates>resin type. In addition, the tensile and flexural properties were superior in case of 35 fiber orientations.