Ashori, A., Jalaluddin, H., Wan Md. Zin, W.Y., & Mohd Nor, M.Y.

Polymer-Plastics Technology & Engineering 45 (1): 125–129.

2006

The present study was focused on the effect of chitosan, a linear amino-polysaccharide, on the properties of handsheets made from bleached kenaf kraft pulp. Chitosan was incorporated into the sheets by three distinct techniques, equilibrium adsorption (pH 5), precipitation (pH 10), and spray application. The chitosan dosages tested were 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, and 2% based on oven dry pulp.Chitosan was found to increase the dry-strength properties of paper such as tear, burst, and tensile index, but its effectiveness was strongly dependent on the method of addition. Spray application gives superior strength properties, followed by equilibrium adsorption. Chitosan is less effective under alkaline conditions. The results showed that chitosan addition improved the mechanical properties of sheets, but the rate of increase in strength properties was higher from 0% to 0.5% compared to 1% to 1.5% regardless of the treatment techniques.